gold eagle against black background

Golden eagle

Aquila chrysaetos
Conservation Status IUCN
Least Concern

For more info on classifications visit

endangered list labels least concern
endangered list least concern sign
  • paws icon
    Animal Class
    Aves, Accipitriformes
  • house icon
    Golden eagles have a very large range that spans across many habitats such as Forest, Mountains, Grasslands and Desert.
  • apple icon
    Carinvores that predate on a broad range of prey such as mammals, birds, fish, insects and carrion.
  • location icon
    Conservation Status
    Least concern – Population is stable.
  • world icon
    Approximatley 160,000 mature individuals.
  • Introduction

    Males and females are identical in appearance, having dark brown plumage covering their body, with a golden sheen running down the back of their head and neck. Juveniles look slightly different by having a large white rump and tail feathers. Through moulting each year, the young eagles will lose these feathers with new ones coming through, eventually ending up with full adult plumage after about 4-5 years.

    Most populations of Golden eagles are sedentary whereas some will migrate when food supplies decline in their home range. They are usually solitary birds that will join their partner in the breeding season.

    Young individuals, that have not yet met a mate, may gather in groups during times when food is abundant.

    Size: Golden Eagles wingspan can reach up to 2.5 meters. Their body ranges in length from 70cm to 85cm. They can weigh from 4kg to 6kg, with females being larger than males.

  • Threats/ Conservation

    Least Concern

    The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has listed the Golden eagle as Least concern as its population is stable throughout its range.*

    The Irish population, however, are Red Listed as they became extinct here in the early 1900’s. Re-introduction efforts began in 2001, with the first successful breeding occurring in 2007, In 2017, three healthy chicks fledged, from three separate breeding pairs.

    Today there is an estimated 160,000 mature individuals across its range.*

    *IUCN, 2021

    Emerald Park conservation contribution:

    Golden Eagle Trust
    For many years Emerald Park has donated to the Golden Eagle Trust, a charity that is dedicated to the conservation and restoration of Irelands native birds and wildlife. To date over €30,000 has been donated to this conservation initiative.

  • Habitat

    Golden eagles have an extremely large range being common throughout the Northern Hemisphere.

    They will inhabit mountainous areas as well as open and semi-open habitats, forests, grasslands, deserts and shrublands.

  • Fun Facts

    Golden eagles are predators of a wide range of ground dwelling animals, as well as fish and birds.

    As a predator, these animals, they play a role in maintain populations within the ecosystem and therefore ensuring a healthy balance in the environment.

    Golden Eagles are monogamous, nests are usually built on cliffs but can be found in trees and sometimes manmade structures, like phone towers.

    Both male and female will build the nest where 1 to 4 eggs are laid.

    The female is the main incubator of the eggs but once the chick has hatched both parents will bring food to the young who will begin to fly at approximately 10 weeks of age.