Red-crowed cranes have elongated, pointy beaks and long legs allowing them to forage in wetland areas. They an exposed patch of red skin on their head, giving rise to their name. They are a large bird that has a long neck that is black on the throat. Their plumage is mostly white except for contrasting black feathers along the bottom of their wings giving them a striking appearance.
Their long legs and beak allow them to wade through flooded areas, in search of food, without getting their feathers wet.
Japanese red-crowned cranes live in flocks and will pair up with one partner to breed. They are mostly non-migratory with some of the population migrating to Hokkaido to overwinter.