Azara’s agouti sitting down

Azara’s agouti

Dasyprocta azarae
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    Animal Class
    Mammal, Rodentia
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    Savannah and forest.
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    Herbivores – Diet consitis of fruits, nuts, leaves, plants, seeds and vegetables.
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    Conservation Status
    Data deficient – uncertainty on the distribution of the species treats, distribution and conservation efforts.
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  • Introduction

    Azara’s agouti are rodents from the order Rodentia.

    The Azar’s agouti has speckled dark brown fur and a lighter underbelly. They have five digits on their dextrous forepaws, and only three digits on their hind paws.

    Like all rodents, they have prominently large incisors, which are open rooted, meaning they grow continuously, throughout their lives.

    Their vocalisation is a soft bark, which they use as an alarm when threatened. Agoutis are known to flee and hide in response to any potential danger.

    Like many mammals, from the Amazon basin, they can swim, to avoid threats or to utilise new areas for foraging. Azara’s agouti is diurnal, however, because of their very shy temperament, they have not been extensively studied in the wild

    Size: Azara’s agoutis are medium sized rodents; they can grow up to 50 cm in length and reach weights from 2 to 3 kg.

  • Threats/ Conservation

    Data deficient:

    The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) have listed the Azara’s agouti as Data deficient as there is an uncertainty on the distribution of the species.
    It is suspected that they are threatened. *

    *IUCN, 2016

  • Habitat

    The Azara’s agouti range across Brazil, Paraguay, and Argentina where they live on the forest floor. They will use hollowed out trees or burrows to build nests.

  • Fun Facts

    They are one of the only animals capable of opening a Brazil nut, by using their impressively strong teeth and powerful bite to crack through the shell. Agouti will bury seeds to eat later, any of the seeds they forget to go back for will sprout a year later to become a Brazil nut tree.

    Agoutis are monogamous, meaning that the male and female will pair for life. They will build a nest together. After a gestation of approx. 3 months, Agouti typically give birth to litters of 2-4 well developed pups. Pups are born with fur covering their bodies and eyes open, which would not be typical of all other rodents.